The challenges of sustainable mobility

The challenges of sustainable mobility

To reach the goal of zero emissions, the country still has to face some challenges, especially in the transition from internal combustion engine vehicles to other energy sources, said Oliverio García, president of the National Association for Sustainable Mobility (Andemos).

The union leader emphasized that they are holding meetings with the Ministry of Transport to work on programs that will allow these alternative and transition technologies to be viable, representing an opportunity for the country, while developing the necessary infrastructure to achieve 100% electric vehicles. reaches.

Union figures indicate that of the nearly 6.6 million vehicles that make up the Colombian fleet, only 7,995 are 100% electric (0.1%) and 50,027 are electric hybrids (0.8%). In the case of the motor fleet, there are 11.1 million, of which 12,843 are electric (0.1%).

It is estimated that the transport sector is the main source of emissions from the energy sector (42%), therefore the union considers it positive that the industrialization policy of the national government contains mechanisms that promote mechanisms in the national car industry that allow manufacturing and assembly of parts for electric vehicles. This would put Colombia at the forefront of the global mobility trend to migrate to zero-emission vehicles.

“Decarbonisation must be a transition and in this process different energy sources must be introduced, which are also stimulated in terms of public policy,” says Oliverio García.

He indicated that electric hybrid technologies are the right strategy for the union in the pursuit of zero emissions, knowing that, due to the difference in prices and current infrastructure conditions, a consumer is more likely to switch from an internal combustion engine vehicle to an hybrid than straight to an electric.

García said that among the technologies contributing to the transformation of the energy matrix are hybrid electric vehicles that, due to their price and autonomy, could replace combustion vehicles in the short and medium term, which is why it is important that governments use them.

For Andemos, one of the constraints that the Ministry of Trade, Industry and Tourism needs to solve in the short term is that of the hybrid vehicle quotas set out in Decree 1116 of 2017, which correspond to three thousand units already sold out by 2023.

Natural gas also requires expansion of the national network to allow trucks to access this fuel while enabling alternatives such as vehicle hydrogen.

With regard to biofuels, in order to function as a transition energy, producers must guarantee the supply of the maximum mandatory blending of 10% and implement a voluntary blending programme.

Source: El heraldo