Energy, the government’s commitment: nuclear energy is back. There is communication to the EU

Energy, the government’s commitment: nuclear energy is back. There is communication to the EU

Yes, nuclear energy is perhaps a little less scary today. After days of waiting, Italy has sent Brussels its National Energy and Climate Plan (PNIEC), updated compared to the first draft of 2023. A text that functions a bit like a roadmap for building the Italian transition and, perhaps, trying to set a precedent at European level. Well, in the latest PNIEC, which extends the horizon to 2030, the objectives of 131 GW of renewable energy by 2030 were confirmed, but above all, a nuclear scenario is also envisaged: 8 GW by 2050 to cover the 11% of renewable energy demand in the country. In detail, it is expected that almost 80 GW of the total gigawatts of clean energy will come from solar energy, 28.1 from wind, 19.4 from hydro, 3.2 from bioenergy and 1 gigawatt from geothermal sources (this last portion could also increase once some project initiatives under development reach an adequate level of maturity).

In the area of ​​energy efficiency, thanks to the measures envisaged, the plan records a significant reduction in primary and final energy consumption, but to achieve the objectives, set taking into account the scenario of growth in gross domestic product, it will be necessary to continue working. The other side of the transition is emissions. Here Italy plans to exceed the FitFor55 target (the European package for emissions reduction, ed.) for industrial installations subject to the ETS regulation, reaching -66% compared to 2005 levels (EU target, -62%). Even in the sectors not covered by the ETS (civil, transport and agriculture) there has been a substantial improvement in emissions indicators and to achieve the European targets, which are still too challenging today, it will be necessary to invest more energy.

But the guest of honour is undoubtedly the atom. The Pniec is also providing, for the first time, a specific section dedicated to the work of the National Platform for Sustainable Nuclear Energy, “which has developed scenario hypotheses in which the energy and economic convenience is demonstrated from a technical-scientific point of view with a view to having a share in nuclear production, in synergy and in support of renewable energies and other forms of energy production with low emissions. According to the scenario hypotheses developed, nuclear fission, and in the long term fusion, could supply around 11% of the total electricity needed by 2050, with a possible projection of 22%”, the document reads. Gilberto Pichetto Fratin, from France, himself stressed yesterday that “never more than now, in the face of extremely serious crises that are attacking peace and our security, including energy, is it clear and pressing to continue on the path of ITER (International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor, the most important global project in magnetic confinement, nuclear fusion, ed.) towards a future of clean, safe and practically inexhaustible energy.”

Source: IL Tempo