Wheat: The ideal time to distinguish between value and price

Wheat: The ideal time to distinguish between value and price

In the conditions of increasing the cost of fertilizers, it is convenient to assess the impact that their use has on yield and quality; The key is to increase efficiency

Faced with a new opportunity
Faced with a new opportunity

The news is no longer that for the current wheat campaign, sowing in the coming weeks, the challenge is to find the best strategy to ensure profitability at very expensive fertilizer prices compared to grain prices. It is necessary to reconsider the high cost of fertilizers for wheat production, beyond their prices.

The price of a deposit, good or service is the amount of currency we are willing to pay in order to receive it at the end of the production process. But value arises from the importance of the good or service for the role it plays in the production process and the differentiation it gives to the product obtained.. Fertilizers that contain nutrients are fertilizers that supplement crop nutrition to achieve yield and objective quality in all grain crops, and especially in wheat, in feed suitable for food production.

Based on six years of work by Fertilizar AC in more than 45 trials in the Pampas region, we know that 22% of grain production today is explained by the use of fertilizers by grain producers. In the case of wheat in particular, the use of fertilizers contributes to an average yield of up to 32%, i.e. the nutritional value of the crop due to the use of fertilizers.

We know that wheat is worth what it brings, but also, and no less important, its baking quality. The most common way to measure its quality is to estimate the protein concentration in the grains after harvest. And it is the dose of nitrogen fertilizers that significantly determines this quality parameter of wheat.

Starting from this scenario, the Technical Committee of Fertilizar AC, through research work, analyzed the changes and relationships in nitrogen management of wheat production in the Pampas region from 1999-2019 with information from the Argentine Wheat Institutional Report (trigoargentino.com. No). Throughout the Pampas region and records of nitrogen fertilizer use typical of the industry.

It follows from this work that As the average wheat yield increased, the protein concentration decreased by 0.08 units per 100 kg / ha. And the improvement in protein concentration by increasing the supply of available or fertilized nitrogen ranged from 0.34 to 0.40 units per 10 kg N.. Thus, given the average yield (2720 kg / ha) and the achievement of at least 11% protein, the availability of nitrogen (soil sum and planting fertilizer used) should be at least 90 kg of nitrogen. / Ha, approximately 30 kg of nitrogen equivalent for each ton of grain quality harvested.

The key to benefiting from the high cost of fertilizers in this campaign is to increase the efficiency of use by injecting our nutrients into the wheat, based on enhanced diagnostics (environment) that complement site quality indicators (Anaerobic Nitrogen – Nan). Use of slow release fertilizer sources and new specialized fertilizer technologies.

The author is a technical advisor to Fertilizar AC

Source: La Nacion

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