World Cancer Day: How many cases are detected per year and which is the most common type in Argentina

World Cancer Day: How many cases are detected per year and which is the most common type in Argentina

Argentina shows the average incidence of the disease in all countries of the world

“I do not want to cry, just live”Says firmly Alexandra Gonzalez48 years old, patient at Lanus Oncology Hospital. She went to the doctor in March last year when she was found with a “small tumor” in the upper part of her chest that had exploded into breast cancer with bone metastases. “At first I thought it was nothing, but that little ball started to grow and hurt,” he added.

After the first consultation, preventive chemotherapy was administered until the results were obtained, which came in June, three months later. “The cost of chemotherapy was high, but affordable, about 11,000 pesos, which the family managed. But when the actual diagnosis was made, that figure increased 500000 pesos Monthly. “It was impossible,” he said ᲔᲠᲘ.

So get in touch Deborah Bosco, President of the Argentine Cancer Solidarity Fund, which helps access medicines that are not covered by the state. Today, in the last seven months, she has been taking four medications to fight cancer (including injections to eliminate menstruation and calcium intake) and World Cancer DayWhich is celebrated every February 4, insists that “constant examinations should be carried out to prevent it.”

According to the Global Cancer Observatory (Globocan) of the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), based on data produced by the Population-Based Cancer Registry in our country,In Argentina in 2020, 130,878 new cases of cancer of both sexes were recorded. This is the latest data available from the Ministry of Health.

Argentina presents a The average incidence of cancer compared to all countries of the worldIt has 212.4 casualties per 100,000 population and ranks fifth across Latin America.

Alejandra Gonzalez, 48, is a patient at Lanus Oncology Hospital
Alejandra Gonzalez, 48, is a patient at Lanus Oncology Hospital

Since the onset of the pandemic The three main screening practices have been reduced (Test to determine if a person is prone to developing the disease) Compared to 2019. Thus, mammography fell by 61.8%; HPV tests and cytology, 63%; And fecal occult blood tests, 70%; According to the National Cancer Institute (INC) Screening Information System (Sitam).

Although screening practices were more frequently resumed in 2021 than in 2020, the 2019 level was not reached.

In addition, it was in 2020 70074 people were killed According to the Ministry of Health, the cancer rate is 7.8% higher than in 2019 (62,106).

“If proper research is done and detected in time, there is a high probability that any type of cancer will be cured. We know patients who have survived cancer three times.”

Deborah Bosco

“If the relevant research is conducted and detected in time, most likely, any type of cancer will be cured. We know of patients who have survived cancer three times. From the day the pandemic began, this early detection has been complicated by the fact that many patients, fearing infection or access to the health care system, have stopped conducting investigations. Health is not waitingSaid the gypsy.

According to the Ministry of Health, Delays in the healthcare system In 2020, it was two months from the onset of symptoms to the first consultation, one month between the first consultation and diagnosis, and two and a half months from diagnosis to treatment.

Breast cancer, the most common

Alejandra’s case is not isolated: in fact, breast cancer is the most common 22024 cases New each year, accounting for 16.8% of the total. It is followed by colorectal 15895 new annual cases (12.1%) and lung 12110 (9.3%).

Although breast cancer predominates among women with tumors, accounting for 32.1% of annual cases, this is true for men. Prostate With the highest frequency, 18.7% of new cases annually. In addition, breast cancer recorded a steady decline in mortality from 2002 to 2019, -1.03% per year, accounting for 16.93 deaths per 100,000 women last year.

ქიMental health

“Depression, anxiety and despair prevail in cancer patients. Is A very severe disease. As the pandemic approached, restraint was poor for many patients and some were afraid to go for examinations. The arrival of medication was also delayed in some cases, but the disease progressed. “For this reason, we have set up a distribution network to receive and deliver medicines across the country,” Bosco said.

“Side effects of cancer treatment have a psychological impact on the patient, which sometimes causes A. Low self-esteem, social isolation, Anxiety or depression. Those who become chronically ill and learn to live with the disease try to look good in social and work environments. A collaborative attitude in the treatment of disease is a very important element of recovery. “This is survival,” he said. Maria del Carmen Gonzalez RamosDirector of Aesthetic and Laser Dermatology Scholarship at the Institute of Italian University Hospital in Buenos Aires (Juhiba).

“I have never had pain and symptoms, but my look in the mirror changed because my hair fell out in the first months. Now I know this is a chronic treatment, but I will continue to fight“- says Alexandra.

And he concludes: “You should always examine yourself and go for routine examinations, even if it is irritating. If it turns out positive, you should not stop trusting. You have to hold strength and great positivity so that you do not fall. “

Source: La Nacion