There is a record of subtraction in Europe, Tunisian and Libyan nodes for Meloni

The government, led by Giorgia Meloni, has pledged to reduce the landing of irregular migrants on our shores. And as with all previous governments, it really will not be an easy task beyond words. As Frontex data confirms, the number of irregular entries into the European Union is at its highest level since 2016: there were around 330,000 crossings in 2022, a 64% increase over the previous year. The mid-Mediterranean route, which includes Italy, registered 102,529 arrivals, an increase of 51% compared to 2021. Egyptians, Tunisians, and Bangladeshis were instead the top three nationalities of disembarked migrants, with the highest number of arrivals last year. Highest number from Libya since 2017 and Tunisia in recent history.

After the pandemic-induced low in 2020, 2022 marked the second year in a row with a sharp increase in the number of irregular entries into the EU. The Western Balkans route was the most traveled, accounting for about half of the total. There, Syrians, Afghans, and Tunisians together accounted for 47 percent of the detections, and the number of Syrians roughly doubled to 94,000. While women represented less than one-tenth of incoming migrants, the share of reported minors fell to around 9% of all determinations.

Meloni held a summit at Palazzo Chigi on Wednesday to discuss the issue with Deputy Prime Ministers Matteo Salvini and Antonio Tajani and Minister of the Interior Matteo Piantedosi. The prime minister discussed with them a strategy to slow down flows to Italy, a strategy dependent on agreements with exit countries. With this awareness, Tajani’s trips to Turkey and then to Tunisia and Libya were organized today. It’s not the first time a government has tried to reach an agreement with North African countries to stop the landings, but Tunisia and Libya have never proven to be extremely reliable partners in this regard.

And unfortunately, other EU member states haven’t been very helpful in the past either. A European Council on the matter is scheduled for 9 and 10 February in Brussels, but reaching an agreement on the joint management of the case seems far away. A new EU pact proposal for migration and asylum has been on the negotiating tables since September 2020. As has been reiterated by the Commission several times, the new European agreement must be ratified by the end of the legislative period, ie in the first months of 2024. , but the gaps between governments are still many.

The text under discussion does not provide for the transcendence of Dublin, against which Italy has always struggled, which establishes the principle that it is the State of entry that the immigrant must take responsibility for applying for asylum, but it nevertheless contains a number of options. ‘solidarity’. Countries that do not directly accept asylum seekers can choose to voluntarily accept resettlement (although it is already done voluntarily, even in minimal numbers), provide personally managed repatriation support or provide operational support.

However, the ratification of the EU pact on immigrants in the first six months of 2023, which coincides with the Swedish presidency, has never been in the hands of the European institutions, and Stockholm has already made it clear that this is not possible. bring the result home. The Meloni government will have to deal with this alone, at least for now.

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Source: Today IT

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