Security and defence, the value of Giorgia Meloni’s mission in India

Italian flags fly alongside Indian flags and frame the main monuments of India’s capital, New Delhi, where Giorgia Meloni will be making an official visit from Thursday, March 2, before departing for Abu Dhabi on Friday morning.

Meloni in Modi’s court

Amid corporate meetings and tributes to Mahatma Gandhi, the Italian Prime Minister is in India to “end” the diplomatic rift between Rome and New Delhi after a decade of tensions over the “marò case” and his accusation. Corruption against Agusta Westland and Finmeccanica for the supply of 12 AW-101 VVIP helicopters (a case in which former Italian executives were later acquitted by the Appeal). An attempt by the Indian government, led by the extreme Hinduist Nerandra Modi, that he wants to use to his advantage to get defense and trade deals from Rome. And so New Delhi considered a podium of honor for the Italian prime minister.

At Modi’s personal invitation, Meloni will unveil the “Raisina dialogue” geopolitical conference, a summit similar to the one in Munich (where the prime minister gave up due to the flu) but focusing on dynamics in the Indo-Pacific. Every year since 2016 it brings together experts and politicians from all over the world in the capital of India. Prior to the geopolitical appointment, Meloni will have a face-to-face meeting with Modi as a result of the dialogue that started on the sidelines of the G20 in Bali in November. The Prime Minister will not be alone. As a matter of fact, Foreign Minister Antonio Tajani, who will accompany Meloni on this trip, will also attend the G20 ministerial meeting, which started today on March 1 and will continue the next day with the participation of Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov and his US counterpart Antony Blinken.

“A new chapter is opening in relations between Italy and India,” Under Secretary of Defense Matteo Perego di Cremnago told AdnKronos after meeting with his counterpart, Rajnath Singh, in Bangalore a few days ago. Indeed, India represents a crucial player in the economic and military dynamics of not only the Indo-Pacific, but the entire world. With huge investments of more than 200 billion Euros in the defense sector, New Delhi stands out as an ideal addressee for new collaborations in Rome. The military sector is the key to strengthening relations between the two countries. According to official sources quoted by the Indian newspaper The Indu, an agreement is expected to be signed between Rome and New Delhi for the defense and security sector. Details of the cooperation protocol may be finalized at the G20 meeting in New Delhi in September.

Italian interests in the Indian subcontinent

Why is Meloni looking at India? The Italian administrator understands very well that when the war in Ukraine is over, all eyes will be on the Indo-Pacific, whose dynamics will affect global dynamics and our country.

In this sense, Italy’s attention has already turned to a new “unprecedented” alliance in the defense sector between Italy, the United Kingdom and Japan, another important partner of the Indo-Pacific. Rome, London and Tokyo joined forces to develop and build the fighter aircraft of the future; A sixth-generation supersonic jet to replace the existing Eurofighter Typhoon (the result of collaboration between Italy, the UK, Germany and Spain): the UK and Italy will combine their existing Future Combat Air program, Tempest, with Japan’s FX project, and the new fighter jet will be launched in 2024. It is expected to be operational in 2035, with development beginning in .

An AI-driven fighter jet: Italy, Japan and the UK present Tempest

New Delhi’s ambiguous neutrality

India’s demographic and economic rise could cause the country to break away from Russia. Like Beijing, New Delhi has never condemned Vladimir Putin’s invasion of Ukraine. And like China, India has also provided economic support to the Kremlin by increasing its energy imports. Unlike Beijing, however, New Delhi continued to strengthen its military ties with Moscow.

An unstable location that Washington dislikes, where New Delhi shares a space with Japan and Australia in Quad, the security format of the Indo-Pacific. However, India also takes part in forums where both China and Russia are present, such as the BRICS and the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO). And an unstable presence befitting Modi, who is ready to welcome the leaders of various countries in the G20 year, when India will seek to negotiate advantageous deals for its growth. including melon.

Source: Today IT