Migrants, bill to restore Salvini’s security decrees

The League wants to modify the Salvini security decrees passed during Count II, which made the news as the yellow-red government, bringing them back to the original text approved in Count I, when Carroccio and the M5s ruled together.
The objective is to ensure that the money spent on integration courses for migrants, for example those in Italian, is allocated to those people who have the requirements to remain in Italian territory without using resources for those migrants who, due to lack of requirements, are destined to be expelled or repatriated.

For this reason, on the 9th of March in the Chamber of Deputies, in the Committee on Constitutional Affairs, two bills will be processed, one of which will have a rapporteur, deputy Igor Iezzi, from the League. Let’s rebuild history. During the “yellow-green” government, attempts were made to reform the system for welcoming migrants, trying to reconcile two needs: on the one hand, adequate protection to guarantee people in real need, on the other hand, the interest in controlling national borders. With the decree-law of October 4, 2018, n.113, converted, with amendments, by the law of December 1, 2018, n.132, known as the first “security decree”, the concept of “humanitarian protection”, which appeared very vaguely transforming it into “special protection”.

The risk was that, if the concept of humanitarian protection had not been precisely defined, it would end up granting an increasing number of migrants the possibility of remaining in Italy, even without any real reason. The expression “special protection” defines the reasons why it is possible to access the reception floors. Special protection could be requested by those affected by particularly critical health conditions, those distinguished by acts of particular civil value and those who were victims of violence, exploitation or natural disasters. A wide spectrum of conditions that made it possible to be welcomed in our country. However, the fact is that with the decree-law of October 21, 2020, n.130, later converted by the law of December 18, 2020, n.173, the original system was distorted.

One of the changes was related to the extension of the list of conditions for requesting special protection.
Not only. The threshold of danger in case of return to the country of origin, to which the issue of many residence permits was conditioned, was diluted. The convertibility of residence permits for work purposes to other types of permits, such as those for special protection, is also foreseen. Many of the chances of repulsion and expulsion were limited. Likewise, the income requirement for foreign students and the obligation to take out insurance against risks of illness, accident or maternity was eliminated.

Regarding unaccompanied foreigners who used a study permit, the requirement that linked its renewal to the favorable opinion of the Foreign Minors Commission disappeared. A flexibility that, as the Viminale numbers show, would have made our country more attractive to emigrants. According to the Ministry of the Interior, the number of migrants disembarking from January 1, 2021 to October 13, 2021 was 48,987, against 25,920 and 8,154 for the same period of 2020 and 2019, respectively. the deputies who will present the bill, put “even more difficulty in the reception and integration system”. For this reason, the bill, with Iezzi as the first signatory, aims to return to the original text of the first “security decree”, reintroducing the provisions foreseen by the original conceptual structure of decree-law nº 113 of 2018.

Source: IL Tempo