What is changing concretely in immigrants (slogan aside)

What was left after the government’s transfer to the Calabrian coast? From the pressure applied to smugglers to the quota of foreigners to be admitted to Italy for work determined for a three-year period, the process of issuing a residence permit is being simplified and accelerated. There are many innovations included in the flow decree, which was unanimously approved by the government in the Council of Ministers chaired by Prime Minister Giorgia Meloni, which took place yesterday in Cutro.

It is not yet clear whether increasing penalties for so-called smugglers will deter boats and small boats from taking off. According to experts, no, it will not: just opening regular channels, starting with the liberalization of visas, can be a real solution. But let’s go in order. Let’s first take a look at what the new decree brings, and then try to examine it.

Immigration decree of the Meloni government

The main innovations are:

– Increased penalties for illegal immigration-related crimes. A new crime of “death or injury as a result of crimes related to illegal immigration” was introduced, which stipulates severe penalties:

  • 10 to 20 years for serious or very serious injury to one or more persons;
  • 15 to 24 years for the death of a person;
  • 20 to 30 years for more people to die.

– Issues and appeals. The requirement for the approval of the criminal judgeship of peace for the execution of the deportation decisions made after the conviction is removed.

– New methods of programming legal input streams. Quotas for foreigners to be admitted to Italy for secondary jobs will now be defined for a period of three years (2023-2025), not just one year. Quotas will be assigned to workers in states who conduct media campaigns for their citizens about the personal safety risks arising from their inclusion in irregular immigration traffic.

– Changes to the rules on entry and residence permits for secondary jobs. The start of the employment relationship of foreigners with Italian companies was simplified, and the unhindered document issuance procedure for secondary work, even for seasonal needs, was accelerated.

– Educational programs. Admissions without quota for foreigners who have passed training courses recognized by Italy in their country of origin and promoted by the Ministry of Labour.

– The duration of the renewed residence permit. The renewal period for residence permits issued for indefinite work, self-employment or family reunification will be a maximum of three years instead of two as it is today.

– Priority to agricultural companies/workers. It determines that employers who have applied for the appointment of agricultural workers and those who have not been appointed have priority over new applicants.

– Immigration centers. Rules have been introduced for the admission or detention of foreigners and for the administration of government centers to continue in any case.

– Special protection. Private protection is better defined to avoid comments that lead to its inappropriate extension.

Meloni “surrendered” to Salvini on immigrants

On a political level, Giorgia Meloni thinks she won the fight with Matteo Salvini at least yesterday. While Meloni appeared to be challenged when asked by journalists of possible responsibilities that needed to be clarified on the night of the shipwreck, Salvini “brings home” a fact: The new provision is in many ways reminiscent of the safety decrees of the first Conte government. “Several of Lega’s proposals are included in this decree,” the Prime Minister said yesterday, with an openly satisfied Salvini.

Compared to the draft decree, a provision added by Defense Minister Guido Crosetto and undersecretary Alfredo Mantovano (FdI), who transferred maritime surveillance coordination to the Defense, was also removed, which actually de-legitimized Salvini (who has jurisdiction over the Coast Guard) and Interior Minister Matteo Piantedosi, Carroccio unacceptable for Melony took a step back.

While the government was in Cutro, in the parliamentary constitutional affairs committee, the League relied on some bills to reinstate Salvini’s 2018 security decrees to restrict special residence permits for non-EU citizens in Italy. . But actually the rule is in the decree, so much so that bandleader Riccardo Molinari was surprised and delighted in the evening: “If that’s the case, even better.”

Will rates decrease?

Meloni seemed to take it for granted that a flow decision yesterday might have some effect on the departures of small boats and barges. However, there is no data to confirm this. Slogans aside, even control over traders seems very weak. Joint international criminal cooperation with startup governments will be needed to arrest smugglers who have enriched themselves by unscrupulously human trafficking. Only local governments have the power to arrest traffickers. The rest are slogans or promises devoid of any certainty.

As journalist Eleonora Camilli points out on Twitter, Giorgia Meloni almost seems to use “smugglers” and “smugglers” as synonyms. “But by ‘smuggler’ we mean the person who drives the boat. A ‘smuggler’ is someone who organizes the trip within an international network and is unlikely to embark on a death voyage.” However, this confusion is not accidental. “The smugglers are detected on every voyage. There are 5 (one 17 years old) for the Cutro shipwreck. Most of the time – Camilli continues – these are immigrants, the smugglers entrust the boat to them in exchange for a free ride. It’s not part of the network. But the smuggler picks it up and takes a stern You can get punched. A few investigations have shown faults with arresting smugglers. The harder it is to really deal with traffickers. It’s usually the governments themselves who don’t want to do it, because if you want to “stop the going” you need to talk and negotiate with them. Libya teaches. As Meloni says, if you really want to fight the human smugglers network, you need to open regular channels, starting with visa liberalization”.

There was hardly any talk of relief yesterday.

In summary: There does not seem to be a direct link between the government’s pressure on smugglers and the new regulations it has enacted, and the reduction in the number of exits in the near future. One also notes how Carlo Nordio, Minister of Justice in the Meloni government, has written a lot in the past about the essentially uselessness of harsher penalties.

From the initial analysis it seems pretty clear that talking about salvage at sea with more crystalline chains of command is not a priority for the government in managing the phenomenon, at least at the moment. Meloni and Salvini did not go to the shipwreck beach or in any other way pay homage to the victims. Trying to attribute the 79 deaths in Cutro to the smugglers’ penalties is a political strategy the government is trying to implement. Yesterday the focus was elsewhere: there was hardly any talk of rescue at sea, the urgency seemed to be figuring out how to punish smugglers rather than rescuing people on the various Mediterranean routes.

Source: Today IT