Because Giorgia Meloni will be at Macron in Paris

Today, Monday, June 19, 2023, is the lightning meeting officially announced by the French presidency. Giorgia Meloni will fly to the Elysée tomorrow, Tuesday, June 20, 2023, to meet with President Emanuel Macron. After months of misunderstandings and heated clashes between Rome and Paris, a bilateral agreement was signed ahead of two important meetings, namely the Council of Europe to be held in Brussels on Thursday 29 June and Friday 30 June 2023, and the NATO summit scheduled for 11 in Vilnius. . and 12 July. Meetings where France and Italy obviously want to align on some key issues. It is no coincidence that Elysium underlined that the meeting will focus on the implementation of the so-called “Quirinale Agreement”, an agreement signed between Draghi and Macron in 2021 that provides a kind of enhanced bilateral cooperation between the two countries. The two countries But what are the real reasons for such an impromptu encounter?

Not just Ukraine: the center of immigrants and Tunisia

Ukraine is certainly an ever-present theme, and according to the memo of the French presidency, “it will be an opportunity to reaffirm joint support for Ukraine on the military, humanitarian, economic, diplomatic and judicial aspects”. All this in light of the meeting to be held in Vilnius in July, but there are other emergencies in Rome. First of all, immigration. With the peak landings since 2017 and the latest Mediterranean tragedy, this time involving Greece, the situation in the Mediterranean has once again become critical. The knot remains the knot of Tunisia, at least for Mediterranean routes, where the North African country has gone through a deep economic crisis and has now become a real hub for migration routes to Sicily. The prime minister traveled to Tunisia with Ursula Von Der Leyen and Dutch prime minister Rutte less than two weeks ago, with not-so-exciting results.

Axis with Paris is imperative because of history, culture and regional proximity: the aim is to sign a memorandum that could bring Tunisia closer to Brussels and persuade the skeptical Tunisian prime minister to accept IMF support in exchange for reforms. A very fragile diplomatic canvas where France and Italy bet against the skepticism of the Scandinavian countries and the Visegrad bloc. A peaceful Tunisia that can emerge from the economic precipice it is currently plunged into and exercise minimal control over its borders is essential to both Rome and Paris.

Rome and Expo 2030: In search of axis with Paris

The other big question on the table is the Expo 2030 nomination that Giorgia Meloni wants to bring to Rome. In fact, the plenary meeting of the BIE, the agency that appointed the event, is scheduled for Tuesday and Wednesday in Paris, and this will be the last opportunity for the four candidates (Ukraine, Italy, South Korea and Saudi Arabia) to present their scores. strong in their candidacy.

The Prime Minister lands in France for 20 minutes available for each city where the details of each candidate will be revealed. The goal is to build alliances, oil relations, lobbying. And the support of the French president is very important. Convincing Macron to vote for Italy could have a strategic effect. Currently, besides Rome, there are candidacy for Odessa in Ukraine, Busan in South Korea and Riyadh in Saudi Arabia. And it is certainly Saudi Arabia that worries the Government the most, where Prince Bin Salman has been signaling that he has been particularly active in Paris for days.

Support for Meloni’s efforts in this regard came from the mayor of Rome, Roberto Gualtieri: “This is a very important mission and it is positive that all institutions are fully united. Together, we support Rome, which is a very important candidate for the city and the country. We have a beautiful project that is considered by all to be the most beautiful, developed and sustainable. The issue now is to win this election campaign and it is very important that the Government be present at the highest level in this parliament in Paris. Although it is a positive decision taken by Prime Minister Meloni, all countries are represented at the highest level at this stage. It was right and positive to have this direct commitment, which I really appreciate.”

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Source: Today IT