According to the UN, there are 8 billion people in the world today.

More than eleven years after the birth of the seven billionth person in the world, today the eight billionth is born. At least that’s what the United Nations envisions. The UN has designated this day as a symbolic date because it can never be determined exactly when the turning point will be reached.

In July, this date was published in a report (.pdf) with new estimates. According to the UN, 8.5 billion people will be reached by 2030; The world population is expected to reach 9.7 billion by 2050.

population growth

Yet the world population is growing at the slowest rate since 1950. After 2050, growth flattens out: according to the UN, the world population will be 10.4 billion and will remain so until 2100.

Two years ago, it was estimated that the world population would approach 11 billion by the end of this century.

The increase in the world population is due to people living longer. Those born in 2019 live an average of 72.8 years, those born in 2050 are already 77.2 years old.

This, combined with declining birth rates, means there are more and more older people. While 10 percent of the population is over 65 today, it will be 16 percent by 2050.

Population growth does not happen all over the world. Eight countries accounted for more than half of the population growth: Congo, Egypt, Ethiopia, India, Nigeria, Pakistan, the Philippines and Tanzania. In countries such as Bulgaria, Latvia and Lithuania, the population is declining.

“Party not suitable”

The 8 billionth person in the world does not celebrate his birthday. Previous milestones in 1999 and 1987 were celebrated. In 2011, this was no longer the case, as such a large population poses a threat to nature and access to medical care, according to the UN. Therefore, in 2011, the UN decided that one side was no longer eligible.

Another baby born that day was designated the six and five billionth, and the UN chief himself made a maternity visit. In 2011, this no longer officially happened. But that didn’t stop many countries from naming a baby the seven billionth baby on October 31, 2011.

109 billion people in the world

The first billion only reached the world in 1806, but after that the world population grew rapidly. It took only twelve years to go from six billion to seven billion.

In total, approximately 109 billion people have lived on earth in human history.

Source: NOS