NASA will launch satellite that will measure hurricanes, tornadoes and lightning –

A United Launch Alliance Atlas V rocket will launch into space on Tuesday, March 1, at GOES-T, with a two-hour launch window from 4:38 PM EST (GMT) from the Force Station. in central Florida.

NASA stressed that it has spent years building the instruments and spacecraft, integrating all of the satellite’s components, and conducting rigorous testing to “ensure it can withstand harsh launch conditions and extend 22,236 miles (about 35,700 kilometers) south of the Earth.”

The US National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) GOES-T is the third satellite in the GOES-R series and is “the most advanced climate observation and environmental monitoring system in the Western Hemisphere.”

NASA describes the series as follows: “Provides enhanced imaging and detected atmospheres, real-time maps of lightning activity and space weather monitoring.”

NOAA announced this Saturday that this series of satellites will require ground support.

This federal agency has installed a state-of-the-art ground system that receives data from the spacecraft and “produces data products in real time.”

Advanced flood and fire warning

The GOES satellite network helps meteorologists observe and forecast local weather events that affect public safety, including thunderstorms, tornadoes, fog, hurricanes, flash flooding and other severe weather events.

Specific benefits of this advanced system include NOOA, better hurricane tracking and intensity predictions, and longer lead times for thunderstorms and hurricanes.

In addition, there will be earlier warnings about the dangers of lightning strikes to the ground and more warnings about severe flooding and flash flooding.

According to NOAA, this technology will improve smoke and dust control, air quality alerts and warnings, and fire detection and density estimation.

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Further progress will be in low cloud/fog detection and transport safety and air route planning.

It will also provide more accurate alerts for communications and navigation interruptions and monitoring of energetic particles responsible for power outages and radiation risks.

Less dirt, more quality

The GOES-T (Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite-T) designer minimizes the possibility of future cooling system failure due to debris build-up.

In this way, it overcame the problems that caused “partial loss of infrared image at certain times” that occurred with other satellites in the series.

The GOES-T also has an improved magnetometer device for better performance in measuring magnetic field changes.

These satellites also contain instruments that detect and monitor approaching space weather hazards.

These include the solar ultraviolet imager and extreme ultraviolet and X-ray sensors that enable ground-based imaging and detection of solar flares.

Observations from these instruments contribute to space weather forecasting and early warning of failures to electrical installations and communications and navigation systems, as well as radiation damage to orbiting satellites.

NASA indicates that this third satellite in the series will be placed in geosynchronous orbit, detach from the launch vehicle and move to a higher geosynchronous orbit and change and become number GOES-18.

After being inspected, calibrated and evaluated for use, GOES-18 will now replace GOES-17 at GOES-West and will oversee the West Coast of the United States, Alaska, Hawaii and the Pacific Ocean.

Source: Ulti Mahora

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