Latin America owes mental health.

“There is strong interest in more direct investment in mental health programs. “This is going to be one of the biggest emergencies in our countries,” he said.

The key for the specialist is to monitor people in their own community rather than admit people to specialized centers; This is advice they shared with the World Health Organization (WHO) that highlights the need for primary school retraining for post-pandemic care. .

The former Colombian health minister has detailed how Covid-19 has hit Latin America, in part because of the fragility of health systems that has seen many essential services suspended longer than in other countries.

These deficiencies “expose the continent to a higher mortality rate” than any other region, and rebuilding and strengthening the continent is key to avoiding the worst impacts of future pandemics, the expert said.

Read more: 2022 with more suicides in Paraguay: what are the drivers and red flags?

Uribe stressed the importance of equality in access to health, saying: “It’s very important that we can really learn lessons as we come out of Covid.”

“The biggest determinants of disease are poverty, vulnerability and exclusion,” he added, adding that restoring essential services such as vaccines, cancer detection tests or investing in universal health insurance are important steps in rebuilding a resilient system.

universal health

To ensure this strengthening of primary health care, the highest-income countries must do their part to finance the reconstruction of the health systems most affected by the pandemic, while protecting the world from future emergencies.

“A big part of this agenda is not national but regional and global,” Uribe said.

The Colombian doctor cited as an example the Pandemic Fund, approved by the bank last September, which aims to “strengthen prevention, preparedness and response capacities in areas such as zoonoses surveillance, laboratories, communications, coordination and emergency management.” .

Countries such as Germany, China and the United States, as well as organizations such as the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation or the Rockefeller Foundation, have already pledged up to $1.4 billion in contributions, with the development bank expected to increase in the coming months.

It is also recommended by the WHO to the Board of Directors to determine where the most effective investments can be made.

healthy taxes

In addition to external financing, ‘healthy taxes’ are a way of increasing investments in health by taxing harmful products such as tobacco, alcohol or sugary drinks.

According to Uribe, these tariffs “can increase resources for an industry while reducing expenditures” because they improve the health of the population.

While the expert acknowledges that their implementation must take into account the economic, political and social realities of each country, Latin America is a good example for a region where taxes on sugary drinks can bring many benefits due to a very sedentary lifestyle and a growing population. obesity and overweight.

Uribe explained that such actions also have important implications for justice, as the impact on the poorest and most vulnerable communities is often much greater.

“Tobacco taxes have gradually evolved over the past decades. The same can be achieved progressively with other healthy measures.”

Source: EFE

Source: Ultimahora

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