Murder of dissidents and 10 other world news not on page one

Ghana, first country to approve Oxford malaria vaccine

Ghana became the first country to approve a highly effective malaria vaccine developed by the University of Oxford in England. The first vaccine to exceed the 75% efficacy target set by the World Health Organization, the R21/Matrix-M vaccine is licensed for use in children aged 5 to 36 months who are at higher risk of dying from the disease. But observers have warned that this is no magic wand in the complex fight against mosquito-borne disease. According to WHO estimates, 619,000 people died of malaria in 2021, most of them children in sub-Saharan Africa. An estimated 5.3 million cases and 12,500 deaths occurred in Ghana, where the disease is endemic and perennial.

Former presidential candidate in Peru found guilty of murdering a journalist

Former presidential candidate Daniel Urresti was sentenced to 12 years in prison for his role in the murder of a journalist in 1988, at the height of the country’s bloody civil war. On Thursday, a court ruled that Urresti, then a military intelligence officer, participated in the ambush and murder of Hugo Bustíos, who was investigating human rights abuses. Lawyers for the politician and former interior minister have said they will appeal the decision. Hugo Bustíos was the weekly correspondent for Caretas in the Andean region of Ayacucho, at the center of the armed conflict of the 1980s and 1990s. The journalist described human rights abuses committed by both the Shining Path rebels and the armed forces in the region, according to Peru’s Truth and Reconciliation Commission.

Agreement reached on ceasefire in Yemen

Saudi Arabia has convinced key players in Yemen’s coalition government to negotiate an eight-month ceasefire with the Houthi rebels, in line with negotiations over the country’s future that could take up to two years. Saudi and Houthi leaders met in public for the first time on Sunday in the Houthi-controlled capital, Sana’a, as the Saudis sought to reduce casualties after eight years of disastrous response that began with airstrikes in 2015. They also participated in Oman. broker. Hans Grundberg, the UN envoy to Yemen, said that this is Yemen’s greatest hope for peace since the start of the war. The road to a ceasefire in Yemen, where Iran is backing the Houthi rebels in the north, has often been seen as one of the main potential gains for Riyadh in improving relations with Tehran after its resumption in recent weeks. 7 years.

Japan approves the construction of its first casino

Japan has approved a controversial plan to build the country’s first casino after decades of controversy fueled by fears that its opening could lead to an increase in gambling addiction. The casino complex, which will include restaurants, shops and entertainment facilities as part of the “integrated resort”, will be built in the western port city of Osaka, where top politicians have pushed for its construction and rejected calls for local referendums. Osaka officials hope the project will be completed in 2029 with an initial cost of 12 billion euros. Prime Minister Fumio Kishida said the complex will support the development of the wider Osaka region and “become a tourist base that spreads Japan’s charm to the world”. The global casino industry and Kishida’s Liberal Democratic Party lawmakers have been pressing for years to change the law that would allow developers to build casinos in the world’s third-largest economy. Access to this market could yield huge profits if three casino complexes are built, estimated by some analysts at $20 billion a year.

2 arrested for wetting cops at a water gun festival in Hong Kong

Hong Kong police arrested two people on Wednesday for allegedly soaking police officers with water guns during a celebration where people splashed water on the Thai New Year holiday Songkran. The arrests are part of a broader campaign of crackdown against all forms of opposition in the Chinese city, including provocations against the police, whose public image was tarnished by pro-democracy protests in 2019. Hong Kong” is an attempt to revive interest in the city as a tourist destination, after years of travel restrictions and quarantine requirements among the strictest in the world. Police said the men were being held for questioning and to see if the leap was “intentional”. A conviction against public order, $640 can result in fines and imprisonment of up to one year.

9 Arab countries come together to end the isolation in Syria

Delegates from nine Arab countries met in Saudi Arabia to discuss the possibility of normalizing relations with Syria and giving the green light for its return to the Arab League. Ministers and senior officials of the six Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries (Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates), as well as ministers and senior officials of Egypt, Iraq and Jordan, on Friday, at the request of the United States. will meet. ‘Saudi Arabia. The expulsion of Syria from the Arab League came into effect after the government of President Bashar Assad launched a bloody crackdown on pro-democracy protests in 2011. A 12-year civil war that has killed more than half a million people and forced nearly half of Syria’s population from their homes. Saudi Arabia, which has long opposed normalization with Assad, said a new approach to Damascus was needed after rapprochement with Syria’s main regional ally, Iran. Riyadh invited Syrian Foreign Minister Faisal Mekdad on Wednesday for a historic visit, and both countries agreed to reopen their embassies soon.

Civilians killed in airstrike on rebel city in Myanmar

More than 100 people, including women and children, were killed in an airstrike on an event in central Myanmar attended by government opponents. The military carried out one of the worst attacks since the army took control of the country two years ago, targeting the town of Kanbalu in the central Sagaing region, known as the stronghold of the opposition to the coup. According to Aung Myo Min, the human rights minister of the shadow government of the national unity, there are 165 victims, including 27 women and 19 children. United Nations Secretary-General Antonio Guterres reiterated his “call on the military to end the campaign of violence against the people”, strongly condemning and calling for those responsible to be held accountable for their actions. Myanmar has been in turmoil since the 2021 coup, with attacks by ethnic minority armies and resistance fighters defying the military government, which responded with airstrikes and heavy weapons, including on civilian areas.

4 soldiers killed in clashes at military base in India

A “fire incident” at a military post in the Indian border state of Punjab has killed four soldiers. SPS Parmar, a senior Punjab police official, told Reuters the incident was “not a terrorist attack” and occurred in a canteen. The military added that the base was cordoned off and a joint investigation with local police is ongoing, adding that no other injuries or property damage have been reported.

Media jam in Algeria

The Algerian Parliament has approved a new media law that tightens control and imposes new restrictions on the work of journalists. The government said the law was necessary to ensure free media activity under legal scrutiny, while Reporters Without Borders (RSF) said the law contained “negative parts” that violated freedom of the press. The law prohibits Algerian media from receiving funding or financial aid from any “foreign organization” and effectively excludes dual nationals from owning or contributing to the ownership of an Algerian media outlet. “Some chapters are positive, while others represent violations of freedom of the press, such as disclosing resources to the judiciary upon request and limiting access to any funds,” said Khaled Drareni, RSF’s representative in North Africa.

4 people arrested in Bangladesh for stoning a woman for alleged adultery

In Bangladesh, a Muslim scholar and three village elders were arrested for allegedly ordering the whipping and stoning of a woman accused of extramarital affairs. Police said on Monday the woman was “flagged with 82 blows” and “stoned 80 times” with small pieces of brick after an imam issued a fatwa, a religious decree that punished her last week. After the woman complained about 17 people, agents arrested four people, including the imam of the Habiganj mosque in the northeast of the country. The predominantly Muslim South Asian country of 170 million has a secular legal system and the application of Islamic law in criminal cases is illegal. Decades ago, village councils in rural Bangladesh widely used Islamic law to punish Muslim women accused of adultery. In a 2011 decision, the Bangladesh Supreme Court allowed the issuance of fatwas but prohibited their use. The decision effectively made voluntary observance of Islamic law possible, but prohibited any form of punishment by Muslim scholars or village councils.

Source: Today IT