Field and budget discussion | Article

Alberto Vizcarra Ozuna

The first of September begins regular period of sessions of the Congress of the Union. In the first weeks of this month, the President of the Republic will have to present an initiative budget for fiscal year 2024and Congress to consider and, if necessary, approve before the end of this year. There is no warning that the federal government is about to break the logic of spending adjustment policies, rather it is expected to deepen cuts, now with more urgency, to avert a financial crisis by further shrinking the economy and cutting spending. complete the six-year term with little or no real economic growth.

One of the best examples of government Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador This will add another six years to the long neo-liberal period that the national economy has experienced. This is an unlimited observance of the main dogma of this model: balance in public finances. He haunts zero balance between income and expenseswhen the dynamic essence of the social and economic process is not equilibrium, but growth, which is achieved only if a reasonable limit is set in the budget for the deficit, so that government spending reaches a percentage of free energy that allows it to act as a brake factor. the economy as a whole.

from the government Miguel de la Madrid This dogma of fiscal balance has been enthroned as the unbreakable guideline and fundamental goal of public finance. They made it into law, and the policy of cuts has been a virtue in budget management ever since. The current government has taken this to the extreme and is moralizing under the nickname “Franciscan severity”. The President presents this as an act of public administration and turns a blind eye when it comes to the physical and economic implications of such criteria.

Infrastructural works carried out by the current government, such as two mouths And mayan train, was not to be included in the execution of the financial years of the administration, but was estimated in the management of the deficit, acting in the form of a loan, for these projects and others that the country needs. By engaging them in their current work, while acknowledging the dogma of a balanced budget, they ended up strangling public finances and punishing health care, education, scientific research, and national food production with cuts. under such conditions achieving the completion of these works would be a pyrrhic victory.

In the shadow of such policies, the sector of the Mexican countryside suffered the most. As peasants often say, “the skinniest dog is inundated with fleas.” National food production has ceased to be a strategic priority in the last thirty years.And all this time, in relative terms, the industry recorded a constant decrease in budget allocations.

The budgetary neglect of this area has increased under the current administration, which has reduced its scope to certain regions of self-consumption, but if one evaluates the distribution of nominal resources from 2018 to 2023, the direct reduction in the budget of the area exceeded 12 billion pesos. Along with this reduction, the effect of inflation on the capacity of stowed bags must be taken into account. Average inflation over the past five years has exceeded 6 percent.representing a reduction in exercise effectiveness of more than 30 percent for the budget.

As if the effects of the deteriorating production capacity associated with the budget cut weren’t enough, the 22-23 fall/winter cycle and this year’s spring/summer cycle of wheat, corn and sorghum have been hit hard. through falling international pricesagainst which the government decided that the god of the market will determine the fate of the main oil-producing regions of the country.

Falling prices for these crops and the exponential rise in the cost of basic inputs for their production warn of an increase in overdue portfolios of small and medium-sized producers operating in irrigated areas. At the moment, there is no calculation of the size of these losses, but due to advances from organizations and organizations of producers from Sonora, Sinaloa, Baja California and other states of the republic, losses approaching 40 billion pesos.

Manufacturers from more than twenty states, grouped into an emerging organization National Front for Rescue of the Mexican Village (FNRCM)indicate the seriousness of the situation and warn of the threat of a food crisis, unless there is an urgent and fundamental correction in the directions of the agrarian policy that has ruled the country for the past thirty years.

They agree that discussions on the FY 2024 budget in Union Congressit needs to be formatted open parliamentwith the aim of bringing to the discussion not only producers, but also researchers, scientists and civil society organizations concerned about the food future of the country.

A good sign that we are embarking on a path of correcting the disastrous food policies of the last three decades is that the momentum of abandoning the budget in favor of the countryside has been broken. There is an urgent need to start the process of restoring the budgetary punishment that the sector has suffered, to restore the fall, to improve the condition of water infrastructure, to avoid overdue portfolios, to restore the investigation, reorganize the credit policynational storage systems, managing large volumes of water to increase wheat, corn and sorghum productionguaranteed prices and a repositioning of a food policy fundamentally focused on strengthening the national market, with the specific goal of doubling the national production of the main grains that serve the market of 130 million Mexicans.

we are in a crisis that forces us to recognize that previous budgets in this area are not an adequate basis for determining the needs of the coming year.. The referent is a reality that brings together the entire accumulated process of deterioration and the recent emergency caused by the fall in world prices for the aforementioned crops. Initiating a recovery process and avoiding overdue producer portfolios allows us to estimate the budget of the Mexican countryside at more than 130 billion pesos. The deputies have no moral right to turn away from the necessary correction of the agrarian policy, leading us to a food crisis..

Ciudad Obregon, Sonora, August 29, 2023

Source: Aristegui Noticias