French socialists sign an agreement in principle with Melenchon that threatens the fragile unity of the party

French socialists sign an agreement in principle with Melenchon that threatens the fragile unity of the party

French socialists are preparing to jump into the unknown. The party of Presidents François Mitterrand and François Hollande, weakened since the April presidential elections, reached an agreement in principle during the June parliamentary elections with La France Insumisa (LFI), a eurosceptic and anti-capitalist formation that is today hegemony in France. †

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“There is an agreement in principle between the rebel and socialist delegations,” said Adrien Kutenens, LFI coordinator at France Info. The Socialist Party (PS) justified this by saying: “Emanuel Macron must not continue with his unjust policies e. Brutal’ and ‘beating the far right’.

On June 12 and 19, the principle of agreement on joint candidatures and a joint program must be submitted to the National Assembly, the parliament of a party. The session will be convened on Thursday at 7pm to present the nominees and the program on Saturday. Meanwhile, the fragile socialist unity may collapse.

“I feel sad. This is the end of a long story,” said Alain Bergonium, a veteran socialist, party historian and former member of the National Council, adding: “The remaining PS explosion is inevitable.”

There have been other similarities between the French left in the recent past. But the socialists, members of the EU’s social-democratic family, were at the forefront. Now, rightly leading with his 7.7 million votes in the first round of the April 10 presidential election, he is a former socialist minister who has created a strong movement over the past year and a half since breaking with the PS. An analogue of Podemos in Spain. Jean-Luc Melenchon, the undisputed leader of the LFI, is a politician who has justified the populist label by saying he avoids appearing to its left because the term “creates more confusion than clarity” and refers to “inserting”. As a “source of inspiration”.

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In the first round of the presidential election, socialist candidate Anne Hidalgo reached an all-time low of 1.7%. Melenchon came in third with 21.9%, missing about 400,000 votes to advance to the second round. And it emerged as a hegemonic power on the left, a role socialists had held for decades.

dissident candidates

Key party figures such as former Prime Minister Bernard Kozulin said they had destroyed the map. Others, such as Stephen Le Fol, the mayor of Le Mans, said they would nominate several candidates without respecting the agreement reached with the LFI.

On Europe, transatlantic relations and economic reform, many of these leaders are closer to centrist Emanuel Macron, who was re-elected to a second term on April 24, than to Melenchon. Macron may be trying to fish for dissidents to get a bigger majority in the next National Assembly.

“Since when does adhesion mean submission?” Stefan Trussell, a member of the National Socialist Bureau and a proponent of the pact, said in a radio interview. Either there is an agreement, or we have to go to Macron.

The agreement includes a joint program that will lower the retirement age from the current 62 to 60, raise the minimum wage from 1,302 to 1,400 euros net per month and freeze the prices of basic necessities. It will also repeal the labor reform passed by the parliament, government and National Assembly in 2016.

The main obstacle in the PS, a major force in the building of Europe, is Melenchon’s promise of an “agreed violation” of EU treaties. In the run-up to April’s presidential election, the LFI leader vowed to “confront” European institutions and “disobey common rules.”

The text of the agreement reflects the differences between the EU. “Because of our history, some of us speak of disobedience, while others speak of temporary abolition,” he says. “But we have a common goal: to end the liberal and productive path of the European Union and build a new project in the service of ecological and solidarity-based division.

Many in the socialist ranks realize that they cannot demand much in the current situation. And that the only way to listen to the next National Assembly and avoid an eventual extinction is to join the so-called New Environmental and Social Popular Association (NUPES), led by Melenchon.

The agreement reached by the leaders of both parties provides for the division of the candidates in the legislative aspects. The PS will have 70 constituencies out of 577. The other parties that have also joined the pact, the European Green Party and the Communist Party, will have 100 and 50 constituencies respectively.

The idea is that left-wing parties, in order not to divide the votes, put forward one candidate. Once elected, each party could have its own faction in the National Assembly. But they acted as a coalition. And if they are the majority, they want to make Melenchon prime minister.

“These are fired from the program and in terms of the electorate,” Jean-Christophe Cambadelis, former secretary general of the former PS 1, told Europe 1 on Wednesday. Former President Hollande said last week: “I don’t think this deal is accepted. If it is accepted, it means that it will decide to make the polling station disappear.”

“These people need to ask themselves questions,” Olivier Foret, PS first secretary and promoter of the deal, told Radio France Info on Sunday. He pointed to Hollande and Cambadel as responsible for the policies that led to the failure of the 2017 election, the collapse of the prologue in 2022.

Ideological and Generational Struggle

The Socialist Party has been fighting for generations, including those who ruled until 2017 and those who took over. But it is also the ideological struggle that runs through the history of this formation. On the one hand, the social-democratic, pro-European and Atlantic lines. On the other, the left line, which facilitates identification with Melenchon’s populist leftists.

A pragmatic argument is planned for this debate that goes beyond ideologies and generations. How do you keep PS alive?

The PS still rules five of France’s 13 regions, as well as some of the country’s main cities. Not Melenchon. The current National Assembly, elected five years ago, has 29 out of 577 deputies, while the LFI has 17.

In a poll released Tuesday, the Harris Institute said that if parliamentary elections are held now, Macron will win the vast majority of seats (from 338 to 378). It would be followed by the extreme right (110 to 140) of Marine Le Pen and other minor parties. And third, the Left Union (70 to 90). Another Ifop poll shows that 67% of French people want the opposition to have a majority in the National Assembly and set up a different government from the government of the president.

Elections are premature if the elections last more than a month. Once the alliances and candidates in each district are known, everything will become clearer. With the PS at UVI, his superiors have concluded that they already have little to lose.

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Source: La Neta Neta